For the first time since 1888, Thanksgiving and Hanukkah have converged, marking the first joint celebration of the two holidays aptly named Thanksgivukkah. So Happy Thanksgivukkah, and Gobble Tov everyone!
With Thanksgiving just two days away, I thought I’d post a little something about Turkey’s since they are the food of choice on Thanksgiving day.
Today most of us go to the supermarket, and grab a Turkey from the meat counter without giving much thought to the bird we are about to consume. The reality is in the last 70 years the poultry industry has changed dramatically. At the end of the 1940’s Turkey breeding intensified in the United States with a focus on birds that produced more white meat. This was done to meet growing demand and produce turkey’s that had a consistent flavor and yield. As a result, the predominant breed sold in markets today is the Broad Breasted White whose light to dark ratio is 65% white meat to 45% dark. Broad Breasted White’s can grow to outrageous sizes topping out at almost 50 pounds. By contrast, heritage, and wild turkey’s max out at about 25 to 30.
Over the last decade there has been a renewed fascination with artisanal breeds, and farmers are now producing more expensive heritage breed turkeys like the Narragansett, Bourbon Red, and Royal Palm. If you want a heritage turkey for dinner this Thanksgiving you can find one in your state by searching here.
Along with all that turkey eating info, I thought I’d also post a number of Turkey themed Thanksgiving postcards. All of these images are 72ppi and medium-sized for loads of Thanksgiving posting. They have been culled from public domain websites and for the most part cropped. As I was gathering these up, a couple of things occurred to me. First off around 1900 to 1910 There was a huge fascination with turkey’s and children. Kids riding on them, trying to capture them, being pulled in wagons by them. There was also a very patriotic theme that ran with the turkey and Thanksgiving. I know it is an American holiday, but there are tons of images of turkeys with Uncle Sam and American flags. Maybe that has something to do with Ben Franklin nominating it as our national bird.
So behold, 25 Turkey/Thanksgiving images from roughly 110 years ago. All of them boldly illustrated, engraved, and filled with turkeytude.
Its Thanksgiving so I thought I’d post a few turkey related images. At some point in the late nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries, there was a fascination with images of children riding on turkey’s or being pulled in a cart by them. I’m not sure what this was about, but the illustrations on these engravings are really nice.
1. Although the puritans aboard the Mayflower followed a strict moral code that sometimes makes them appear like the polar opposite of a typical college party head, they both have something in common — puritans really loved their beer. In fact, beer was the Puritan drink of choice, and they brought it along with them on the Mayflower and probably served it at the first Thanksgiving feast.
2. The traditional cornucopia was a curved goat’s horn filled to brim with fruits and grains. According to Greek legend, Amalthea (a goat) broke one of her horns and offered it to Greek God Zeus as a sign of reverence. As a sign of gratitude, Zeus later set the goat’s image in the sky also known as constellation Capricorn. Cornucopia is the most common symbol of a harvest festival. A Horn shaped container, it is filled with abundance of the Earth’s harvest. It is also known as the ‘horn of plenty’.
3. It was not until 1941, that congress declared Thanksgiving as a national holiday. It was declared to be the fourth Thursday in November.
4. Minnesota, North Carolina, Arkansas, Virginia, Missouri, and California raise more turkeys than any other states.
5. About 45 million turkeys will be eaten this Thanksgiving.
6. 690 million pounds of cranberries will be produced in the United States in 2010.
7. 1 billion pounds of pumpkins were produced in the U.S. in 2010.
8. 91% of Americans eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day.
9. Thomas Jefferson thought the concept of Thanksgiving was “the most ridiculous idea I’ve ever heard.”
10. Every President since Lincoln proclaimed Thanksgiving Day. But in 1939, 1940, and 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed Thanksgiving the third Thursday in November to lengthen the holiday shopping season. This upset people.
11. The average American consumes 4.5 pounds of sweet potatoes per year.
12. President Truman pardoned the first turkey in 1947. It has since become an annual White House tradition.
13. Another name for cranberries is “bounce berries” because of the fact that they bounce. They bounce because they contain pockets of air.
14. Tofurkey, the vegetarian turkey, was first sold in 1995.
15. Fifty percent of Americans put the stuffing inside the Turkey.
16. Several people wanted to have an official day of thanksgiving, including George Washington, who proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving in 1789. Several people did not want it including President Thomas Jefferson.
17. The Guinness Book of Records states that the greatest dressed weight recorded for a turkey is 39.09 kg (86 lbs).
18. More than 40 million green bean casseroles are served on Thanksgiving.
19. Turkeys were one of the first animals in the Americas to be domesticated.
20. The Plymouth Pilgrims dined with the Wampanoag Indians for the First Thanksgiving.
21. In October of 1777 all 13 colonies celebrated Thanksgiving for the first time; however it was a one-time affair commemorating a victory over the British at Saratoga.
22. Wild turkeys, while technically the same species as domesticated turkeys, have a very different taste from farm-raised turkeys. Almost all of the meat is “dark” (even the breasts) with a more intense turkey flavor. Older heritage breeds also differ in flavor.
23. Columbus thought that the land he discovered was connected to India, where peacocks are found in considerable number. And he believed turkeys were a type of peacock (they’re actually a type of pheasant). So he named them “tuka”, which is “peacock” in the Tamil language of India.
24. The Native Americans wore deerskin and fur, not blankets.
25. On the West Coast of the US, Dungeness crab is common as an alternate main dish instead of turkey, as crab season starts in early November.
26. The North American holiday season (generally the Christmas shopping season in the U.S.) traditionally begins when Thanksgiving ends, on “Black Friday” (the day after Thanksgiving); this tradition has held forth since at least the 1930s.
27. Although the official proclamation was to celebrate Thanksgiving on every fourth Thursday of November, Franklin Delano Roosevelt actually changed the date to the third Thursday of March November from 1939-1941. He made the change on the assumption that the economy would benefit from a longer holiday shopping season. Public outrage, however, soon changed that and Thanksgiving was back on schedule ever since.
28. Macy’s annual Thanksgiving parade has been a well-loved tradition since the original one in 1924. However, few people remember that the parade was actually suspended from 1942 — 1945. The helium used for the parade’s enormous balloon animals was needed for the war effort.
29. Before the official proclamation of Thanksgiving as a national holiday, people were celebrating it on random dates of the year. The date changed every year, hopping from date to date. On some years, like 1815, Thanksgiving was celebrated twice.
30. If you think your family has a huge guest list for Thanksgiving, think again. The first Thanksgiving was a huge affair for its time. Roughly 90 Wampanoag tribesmen and 50 pilgrims took part in the feast. Imagine how much food was around, considering each of those 140 people was well-fed for three whole days.
31. Popcorn has become something of a traditional treat at Thanksgiving tables. It makes sense, too — the Native Americans at the first feast introduced corn to the pilgrims. As least it would make sense, if only the corn the Wampanoag tribesmen brought was the kind that popped. The variety that was at the original Thanksgiving was only either singed a little, or mashed to make batter.
32. Your mom would have probably flipped out at the first Thanksgiving. Although there were utensils present, they weren’t in complete sets — the pilgrims and Native Americans didn’t have forks with them. Instead, they ate with spoons, knives, and their hands.
33. Turkeys have come a long way since the first Thanksgiving. They’ve even left the planet! The first meal on the moon was a foil-packed roast turkey dinner with all the trimmings. Thanksgiving has since been celebrated aboard numerous space shuttles, including the Columbia and the Mir.
34. TV dinners owe a lot of their existence to Thanksgiving. At about the time of the holiday in 1953, the first TV dinner was made. The reason? Swanson needed to do something with the 260 tons of frozen turkeys they had left over after Thanksgiving.
Today marks the annual Thanksgiving holiday here in America, and as I sit here in front of my computer, in my warm home, with a hot cup of coffee, I am truly grateful and thankful for everything I have. There are so many people in the world that aren’t as fortunate as I am, and I have been blessed with so much.
Last night I got to thinking about the history of Thanksgiving. For most people the history of Thanksgiving is the story of the pilgrims and the native Americans sitting down to a huge feast at Plymouth Rock after almost starving to death in the first year of living in the colonies. Part of that is true, but the history of Thanksgiving is actually much more.
As we all know, the Pilgrims first arrived in the American colonies on December 11, 1620. The Pilgrims were not prepared for the New England winter they were to face. A winter that claimed 46 lives of the 102 pilgrims in the first few months. After surviving the winter, they were able to take advantage of the good soil, and abundant wildlife and that fall they had an excellent harvest, much of which can be attributed to what the native Americans taught them.
The Pilgrims had a traditional English Harvest Feast, giving thanks to god for surviving and for the blessings of the harvest that would help them survive the second winter in the colonies. In contrast to Thanksgiving today, the Pilgrims actually had more meat than vegetables. The menu for the Harvest Feast included venison, fish, wild fowl, which probably had very little wild turkey in it. ( The chief of the native American tribe that attended the feast brought 5 freshly killed deer to the party as a gift to the pilgrims. Another act that probably helped them to survive a second winter. ) The Pilgrims probably had very little in the way of desserts since baking items like flour and sugar would have been in short supply. They did however have an abundance of corn and fruit, instead of pumpkin pie, the probably had roasted pumpkin. The Harvest Feast lasted for three days true to its origins in England.
Thanksgiving as we know it today, was not an annual event in America for many years following the first Thanksgiving in 1621. In 1623 there had been a severe drought that had placed additional hardships on the pilgrims. In October of that year, the Pilgrims held a prayer service, praying for rain, and an end to the drought. When their prayers were answered they held another Thanksgiving celebration inviting the Native Americans to join them again. The reality is though, times in the first American colonies were hard, and being able to celebrate every year was not a reality.
On June 20th, 1676 the city of Charlestown, Massachusetts celebrated a day of Thanksgiving. It was in many respects the first official Thanksgiving celebration. This celebration however was quite different from the first Thanksgiving held by the Pilgrims in 1621. This celebration was to honor the military victory over the Native Americans which had been taking place for a number of years. This celebration would not take place again until 1789 when the city celebrated the victory of the United States over the English in the Revolutionary War. The new President George Washington established the first national Thanksgiving holiday in 1789, even though he met resistance from other founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson.
Thanksgiving as we know it today, didn’t arrive until 1863. Sarah Josepha Hale decided to promote Thanksgiving in her magazine, Boston Ladies’ Magazine and in Godey’s Lady’s Book. She also wrote letters to different governors and presidents. Abraham Lincoln finally established Thanksgiving as the last Thursday in November. The date was changed a few times (to the third Thursday), but in 1941 was finally established on its current date, the fourth Thursday in November.
Since 1863 the focus has drifted away from a day set aside to truly be thankful for all that we have. It has become a day to eat copious amounts of food, watch football on TV, nap on the couch, and as of late hit the stores for deep discounts on consumer goods. And while there is nothing wrong with any of that, the thing I am trying to remember is that this is a day to be thankful for all I have. I am truly blessed, and have a great life. I need to be thankful and extend a helping hand this holiday season to those less fortunate. I encourage everyone else to do the same.
There used to be this holiday in the United States called “Thanks Giving”. It was kind of a big deal. There was the build up to the big day, the dinner with family, sitting around watching football, and yes it was the kick off to the Christmas Holiday season.
Over the last few years things have begun to change though. Store now have Christmas decorations up at the beginning of October. The holiday season has shifted and is now Halloween and Christmas with Thanksgiving feeling like a speed bump in between. And this year Thanksgiving got pushed aside just a little bit more with a number of major retailers announcing that “Black Friday” shopping sales would begin on October 29. I’m sorry, I think it sucks.
I know the economy is down, and that retail sales for Christmas are once again on target to be off for the 2010 season, but seriously it isn’t even Halloween yet. The New York Times is reporting that retailers including Sears, Wal-Mart and Target are offering big promotions to lure shoppers before well before Thanksgiving. Sears started its “Black Friday Now” deals on Friday the 28th, and Toys R Us is putting all the items in its Christmas toy book on sale starting on Sunday the 31st, the newspaper reports.
I want Thanksgiving back. I miss it. The holiday is about giving thanks, being grateful for what you have, and giving to those in need. There is something really wonderful about the fact that it is this non-consumerism based holiday. Yes I know people spend a ton of money on food , but the heart of the experience used center around family, friends, community and being truly thankful for what you have.
Wouldn’t it be nice if the rush to Christmas shopping was slowed, and the 4 weeks between Halloween and the third Thursday in November actually felt like a build up to something awesome; instead of a build up to the day things go on sale for Christmas? I think this year I am skipping sending Christmas cards and I’m going to send Happy Thanksgiving cards instead. That is if I can even find any amongst the piles o Christmas cards that have been on store shelves for weeks now.
The thing that is really sad is, if you ask people what the history of Thanksgiving is, what is supposed to really be about, most people can’t tell you.